Pimples and blackheads are teenagers’ worst nightmares. But when they appear – without permission – in adulthood, it causes total despair in those who have them at the wrong time. If in young people the cause is the sudden increase in hormones related to development, acne after puberty is linked to lifestyle habits and genetics, such as unbalanced eating and oily skin.

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In an interview with the magazine Marie Claire website, dermatologist Denise Steiner says that the problem may be associated with a hormonal disorder, such as polycystic ovary syndrome or with excessive concern. “Spikes of stress and anxiety make the body increase the production of the hormone cortisol, which can trigger the appearance of acne”, explains Denise.

HOW TO TREAT
The first step in treating acne in adult women is to know the source of the problem, so it is essential to consult a doctor. According to Denise “if acne is linked to hormonal changes, conventional medications such as antibiotics and retinoids will offer an improvement in the appearance of the skin, but the solution will not be definitive, since these medications do not correct the imbalance that is causing the acne. : the ideal is to combine them with specialized treatment “.

The dermatologist adds that cases of more severe or persistent acne an efficient solution are treatments with spironolactone, a diuretic that inhibits the action of male hormones, or with isotretinoin (known as Roacutan, and famous for being a permanent solution to pimples). Both drugs have side effects and can only be used on the recommendation of a specialist and with proper monitoring.

Considering that acne can be a hormonal problem, many women bet on the use of contraceptives to keep their skin free from pimples. “It is an efficient measure, but only as long as you take the pill. If you choose to leave it in the future, the problem may reappear”, warns the doctor, and adds that not all contraceptives work well for this purpose. “It is important that it is a contraceptive with an antiandrogen, or acne may even get worse.”

CHANGE IN HABITS
For a long time it was discussed whether or not chocolate was to blame for the appearance of pimples. Denise says that today studies already prove that certain foods can actually trigger or worsen acne if consumed by people with a predisposition. “These are foods with a high glycemic index, such as carbohydrates and sweets. The consumption of milk and dairy products must also be observed, as milk protein facilitates the production of hormones that can worsen the situation.” The good news is that some foods have an anti-inflammatory potential and can help treat acne.

Denise recommends green leaves, fruits, carotenes, nuts and fish. Keeping your skin clean and using makeup and sunscreen suitable for acne-prone skin are also essential measures to prevent the problem from getting worse. “And never squeeze the pimples, irresistible as it may be, because you can hurt your skin, make your spine more inflamed and even spread more bacteria throughout the region”, he adds. “Count on a beautician to remove blackheads and pimples and at home just exfoliate regularly, to eliminate dead skin surface cells.”

Homemade masks like green clay, yogurt or honey work only superficially, not really improving the skin. Denise warns of homemade tricks for inflamed pimples, such as an aspirin compress. “In fact, the anti-inflammatory effect will happen, but these products can clog the pores of the region even more or irritate the skin.

In the solution of an urgent problem, the whole picture worsens.” The solution is to invest in dryers that can be easily found in pharmacies. The expert also points out that the sun, in small amounts, can help in the fight. But be careful: long exposure leads to an excess of stimulation in the sebaceous gland, increasing oiliness and resulting in a worsening.