Acne torments during adolescence, when the face is filled with pimples and blackheads, but in many cases it does not leave it during adulthood either. As a consequence, this skin problem can have negative repercussions on the self-esteem and confidence of the person who suffers from it.
In Women’s Daily we tell you how to fight acne by exploring its causes, types and most effective treatments for pimples.
What is acne?
Acne is a skin disease that affects the sebaceous glands. These are attached to the pores of the skin through a channel called a follicle. If these glands produce too much sebum or fat, the pores can become clogged. If, in addition, dirt, bacteria and dead cells accumulate, it is common for them to become infected, leading to a larger or smaller lesion.
It is common for grains and pimples of different types to come out: open comedones, which we normally call black dots; white comedones, which many call pimples; pustules, which accumulate more pus; cysts or nodules, which can be very painful; etc. Pimples can come out on any part of the body , but when we talk about acne, the most common thing is that they appear on the face, neck, back, shoulders and arms.
Causes for which the grains appear
As we have already told you, the pimples come out because the pores of the skin are clogged with sebum and dirt. But what factors make us more prone to it? Certain situations can cause our sebaceous glands to produce more fat than normal.
One of the most frequent causes behind acne is hormonal changes . In fact, hormonal acne is often referred to when variations in hormone levels are behind the appearance of pimples and pimples. These changes create imbalances that cause the sebaceous glands in the skin to produce more sebum than usual.
One of the stages in which more hormonal changes is experimental is during puberty. Hence, most teens suffer from acne at some point. Due to the development of women, girls tend to have them earlier, while boys’ outbreaks tend to be delayed, although they are more aggressive.
As occurs during adolescence, menstruation also causes hormonal changes. As a result, pimples can be produced at different times of the menstrual cycle, especially during the luteal phase (from the 14th to the 28th day of the cycle, approximately). Thus, these pimples are one of the most visible symptoms of PMS.
Diseases that directly affect hormones, such as polycystic ovaries, can also cause acne to proliferate.
4Abuse of the skin
When you don’t take good care of your skin, pimples can also come out. Without an adequate level of hygiene, the dirt (contamination, dust, etc.) to which we expose ourselves day by day and the very fat that our skin generates accumulates on the face.
Therefore, you need to wash your face with a mild soap and warm water a few times a day. This cleaning routine is even more important if you usually put on makeup. Otherwise, traces of makeup will clog the pores and more grains will come out. Although washing is necessary, you have to be careful with certain too deep cleansings because they can worsen your acne.
After cleansing the face, the skin must be well hydrated. For all this facial care you have to use suitable products. We recommend using those with the oil free label.
Some medications, including corticosteroids , have an inflammatory skin reaction as a side effect.
Acne also has a certain genetic component, so children of parents who have suffered from severe acne are more likely to develop it.
The stress can also cause an increase in grains due to the change in hormone levels.
The different types of acne
Acne can be classified into different types according to different parameters: the age at which it occurs, its causes, the type of injuries it produces. These are some of the most common classifications.
Acne according to the age at which it develops.
+Baby acne. Babies, both newborns and those who are a few weeks old, sometimes develop small pimples or pimples on their cheeks. Sometimes it is due to skin irritation, but it can also be a reaction to hormones in the last months of pregnancy. A doctor should be consulted, especially if it does not disappear over the weeks.
+Juvenile acne. Juvenile acne is acne that occurs during puberty due to hormonal changes produced at this stage of life. It is difficult to establish an age range between which it takes place, since each child develops in a different way. However, it could be limited between 12 and 17 years old.
+Acne in adults. Sometimes puberty acne continues into adulthood. In other cases, grains may suddenly come out. In any case, adult acne is more common than might be expected.
According to the cause and type of injury
+Acne vulgaris. When we speak generally of acne, we refer to acne vulgaris, also known as acne vulgaris. It receives this name because it is very common among the population and can occur at any time in life. On the other hand, it can develop in different degrees of intensity.
+Hormonal acne. In this case, we talk about that the grains are caused by a hormonal change that alters the sebaceous glands.
+Cystic acne or conglobata. When many of the lesions that appear are nodules or cysts , a type of cystic acne is considered to have developed. This can be very painful and needs the follow-up of a dermatologist so that it does not leave marks.
According to the severity of acne
+Mild acne. It is the least problematic acne since the lesions are smaller and appear less frequently. Normally, it can be controlled with basic care and some type of ointment or cream specific to this type of skin.
+Moderate acne. Moderate acne produces more numerous, longer lasting, and more painful lesions.
+Severe acne. We talk about this as the most serious type of acne . His injuries are the most severe and require professional dermatological treatment.
Treatments to combat acne
To prevent acne from getting more and causing a problem beyond the skin, it is necessary to properly care for the skin. Also, timely treatment has a better chance of preventing acne from leaving unsightly scars .
To do this, you must go to the dermatologist , who will make a diagnosis after a visual examination. It may also recommend that you undergo some tests to find the reason that is causing the pimples. From there, he will recommend the most effective type of treatment for your type of acne.
+Basic care for the face
The first thing your dentist will recommend is that you incorporate basic care for your skin into your routine. Cleaning and hydration are the best base treatment to combat pimples. Avoid touching your face with your hands, which may be dirty, and remove the bangs from the face so that the oil from the hair does not pass to the skin and vice versa.
Beyond taking proper care of your skin, your dermatologist may recommend giving you some type of topical medication that contains retinoids or antibiotics. These are applied directly to the skin, but it will have to be a health professional who tells you how many times you should apply it and for how long.
On the other hand, your dermatologist can recommend an oral medication, that is, one that is taken by mouth. Antibiotics are common, but they can also recommend the birth control pill , especially when it is due to a hormonal cause. The dermatologist will let you know the dose and the time during which you should take the medicine.
You should know that whenever you take a medicine, a series of side effects can develop, to which you should be aware.
To reduce acne and, above all, to eliminate the scars caused by pimples, laser treatments can be used, as well as cleaning with acids and sulfurs. These types of solutions must always be in the hands of professionals to ensure that it is effective.
Last tip: we know it’s a temptation, but try not to ‘explode’ or pinch your pimples as it could leave marks. Take care of your skin so that it is healthy and beautiful!