Whatever the type of acne that affects us, it is essential that we take care of the hygiene of the area and that under no circumstances do we manipulate the pimples with our hands.

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Pimples on the face are usually associated with adolescence or puberty. However, there are many types of acne. Hence, it can actually appear at any time in life. Its causes are also diverse.

In this article, we tell you how to differentiate the different types of acne that exist.

Types of acne

acne

According to the Dictionary of the Spanish language, acne is the “skin disease characterized by chronic inflammation of the sebaceous glands, especially on the face and back.”

Contrary to the belief that all pimples are equal, it is necessary to know that there are different types of acne. Each of them has its own characteristics and usually appears in specific situations.

Acne vulgaris or common

They are whiteheads, pimples and small pimples that can appear on the skin. It could also occur in other areas of the body, such as the back, shoulders, and chest.

Acne vulgaris is mild, it should be treated by a doctor.

You may be interested in also reading  the 5 home treatments to combat pimples on the face .

Premenstrual acne

The beans are small. They appear in the days before the menstrual period, due to the hormonal changes that take place in the body.

If, in addition, you suffer from acne vulgaris, the pimples at this stage become more visible. However, it is normal for them to disappear in less than a week.

Baby acne

Some newborns have pimples during the first 72 hours of life. They are related to the hormones that the mother transfers to the child through the umbilical cord.  It disappears with the passing of days.

Keloid acne

It is common in men, both teenagers and adults. It is caused by a bad shave, a bad blade or an allergic reaction to the foam. This irritation causes keloid acne, which appears on the chin and neck.

Iatrogenic acne

Latrogenic acne

It is one of the side effects of many drugs, such as:

  • Androgenic
  • Anabolic
  • Oral contraceptives
  • Corticosteroids
  • Isoniazides
  • Iodides

In order to treat this type of acne, it is essential to change the type of medication. Of course, this should always be done as directed by a doctor.

Comedo

It is a simple injury caused by common acne. It is a hair follicle clogged with fat or by dead skin cells.

A comedone is a reddish bump, which, unlike pimples, has no “tip”.

Among its most common causes are the use of certain makeup products and the lack of proper cleaning. To avoid the appearance of comedones, it is recommended to change the beauty product. It is also advisable to wash the affected area frequently so that the pores do not become clogged.

Black dot

It is an open comedone on the surface of the dermis. It appears when excess oil or dead cells plug the pore.

Far from what it might seem, its black color is due to the reaction of the fat in contact with the air. It is not due to dirt.

White Point

When the comedone remains closed, white spots may form on the skin.

They appear when fat and dead cells prevent the hair follicle from opening. Therefore, the sebaceous gland cannot drain properly .

There are dermatological treatments that ensure good drainage.

Papule

Papule

It occurs when a comedone, white or black dot becomes inflamed and causes a pink or red bump. It can hurt if you touch it and cause a lot of sensitivity in the affected area.

If we scratch, pinch, or squeeze the papule , the situation could worsen. It could even lead to the appearance of a scar.

When the face has many papules, it can be said that you suffer from moderate to severe acne.

Pustule

This is another type of inflamed pimple. It is similar to the white dot, but with a halo or red circle around the bump. Generally, it houses a good amount of pus inside.

It is advisable not to pinch or squeeze them to avoid leaving scars or marks on the skin.

Acne Rosacea

Acne Rosacea

Although it is more frequent in women, rosacea affects millions of people worldwide, especially those who are over 30 years old.

They are pink or red marks. Its appearance is similar to that of an eruption. Sometimes, you can even see the blood vessels on the surface of the skin.

It usually appears on the cheeks, chin, nose, and, less frequently, on the forehead. It may also be accompanied by stains, pimples and bumps.

If not treated while still moderate, rosacea can widen or inflame the tissues. This could even cause a thickening of the nose.

Severe acne

They are injuries or protuberances of greater consideration. Usually very painful.

Severe acne is not easy to treat. And, improper treatment is likely to leave marks and scars  for life.

If you have a close family member with severe acne, reading  6 natural solutions to reduce the appearance of scars  can be very useful.

Nodule

It is a bulge that feels firm when touched. The nodule develops in the deepest layers of the skin and is usually very painful.

It should always be treated by a specialist. Remember this: without exception. Only under medical supervision, it is possible to reduce the inflammation little by little and make the symptoms disappear.

Cyst

It is a serious and highly visible injury. It usually looks like pus-filled bubbles.

A cyst is quite painful and must always be treated by a doctor . In most cases, it needs to be removed through minor surgery, with local anesthesia.

People who develop cysts are in the group of patients with very severe acne.

Acne conglobota

Acne conglobota

It is one of the most serious types of acne that exists. It is particularly dangerous when no previous treatment has been performed. Hence it is easier for it to become infected or hurt.

Acne conglobota is more common in men. In addition to the skin, it may appear on the thighs, chest, neck, and arms.

His condition is related to problems with the immune system.

Deep or disseminated folliculitis

Of all the types that exist, this is the most serious acne. Its origin is a bacterial infection, due to poor treatment or manipulation of the pustules and cysts. It must be treated with antibiotics.