Food, hormones or age. Anyone who has acne has heard all kinds of advice when it comes to fighting it. For this reason, the Daily Mail newspaper brought together some skin specialists to clear up doubts when treating or preventing blackheads and pimples.

“Similar to any medical condition, the sooner acne is treated, the easier it is to cure it. There are many effective treatments,” says dermatologist Tapan Patel, from the UK Acne Clinic. Check it out below.

Chocolate is not a villain
Contrary to what many people think, food does not influence skin diseases. Acne occurs mainly on the face, neck, chest and back and is caused when the male hormones present in men and women produce excess oils in the skin’s sebaceous glances.

“The idea that sugar, chocolate or fatty foods can cause blemishes is absurd,” says dermatologist consultant Tim Clayton at Salford Royal Hospital in Manchester.

Fight stress
According to experts, hormonal imbalances worsen acne. “When you are stressed, the adrenal glands secrete more male hormones that stimulate oil production,” says Clayton. In addition, stress decreases the healing power of the body by up to 40%.

The power of contraceptives
Birth control pills can be beneficial to the skin of some women and, in most cases, are as effective as antibiotics in fighting acne. “They prevent testosterone from stimulating the sebaceous glands,” explains dermatologist Tamara, from the British Skin Foundation.

Consume Vitamin A
If you suffer from acne, it is worth talking to your doctor about medications containing vitamin A, as they decrease the excess of dead skin cells.

“Vitamin A speeds up cell turnover rates, exfoliates the skin and decreases the accumulation of dead cells within the follicle, reducing the formation of acne,” says Patel.

Chemical care
According to dermatologist consultant Edward Seaton of the Royal Free Hospital in London, products containing benzoyl peroxide can be highly effective for mild to moderate acne. “It introduces oxygen into the pore that destroys acne, but it needs to be used only in low doses. Higher doses can be irritating to the skin,” says the doctor.

Laser treatments
In cases of mild and moderate acne, leisure treatments that reduce blemishes with a small electrical impulse can also help. “Acne bacteria produce chemicals called porphyrins. When the laser is applied to a specific pore, the bacteria are destroyed,” says Patel.

Antibiotics still work
Talk to your doctor. In some cases, the solution is still in antibiotics. “Tetracycline, erythromycin, limecycline and trimethoprim, in pill form, still have a role to play,” says dermatologist Seaton. Antibiotics such as clindamycin are available in lotion or gel.

Severe
cases In more severe cases, tablets with retinoid isotretinoin are effective in fighting acne. However, these medications can cause side effects.

“It speeds up skin cell renewal, but it can make your lips very dry, headaches or sore joints. We believe they can also affect chemicals in the brain. Depression is a rare complication. But 90% of patients feel much better with themselves, how their skin improves.