Treatments for acne vary according to the degree. Today we are going to talk about acne treatments. Did you know that 98% of teenagers have acne?
It is really a high percentage, but this is due to the different types of acne. Sometimes, it may just be that tiny little blackhead, but it is already considered acne. Check out some acne treatments.
Acne is divided into four degrees
The first degree is who has only that tiny blackhead, which are called comedones, which is acne grade 1. It usually occurs around the nose and in the cheek area.
Grade 2 acne is already, in addition to blackheads, a greater inflammation of this pilosebaceous follicle.
So on the surface of the skin we see some red dots. They get inflamed and red sometimes, along with these blackheads on the skin.
In acne grade 3, in addition to the blackheads and these red pellets, we also have cysts. Internal inflammation of this pilosebaceous follicle, greater inflammation of the follicle.
There is a compromise of this sebaceous gland by bacteria that cause this inflammation and infection, leading to the formation of these nodules.
Grade 4 acne is when these nodules and cysts become deeper. It is when you feel the skin and feel these internal lumps, they do not even leave the surface of the skin, they are internal.
Why does acne occur?
Acne is so common among teenagers, also in adult women and men, but why does it occur?
At puberty there are male hormones and female hormones that cause this sebaceous gland to develop. The skin becomes more oily, predisposing to the phenomenon of acne.
There is no way to stop this puberty process. Sometimes it goes on until 18, 20, 30 years of age, even when these hormones act on the sebaceous glands.
There is no age limit, that is, we can have acne at any stage of our life.
Acne is more common in adolescence, but it also appears in women in adulthood. When she enters menopause, when she takes hormones or when she uses hormone chips, this hormonal phase changes.
Who suffers most from acne, boys or girls?
If we compare two brothers, a boy and a girl, we will notice that he suffers more from acne . and why this happens?
Because testosterone has a greater action on the sebaceous gland. This action makes the gland more swollen, produces more hormone, more sebum and ends up giving greater inflammation to the skin.
That is why boys end up having more important acne and women who take hormone replacement therapy or who start taking testosterone-based drugs also start to have acne.
I have acne. Should I get acne treatments?
When you are in the process of acne remember one fundamental thing: you cannot squeeze pimples!
If you do this you will leave marks, because it is an inflammatory process. If you squeeze, you can either take that process out or record it and make it more internal.
These marks are scars and they can be irreversible to the skin.
The first tip for those with acne, then, is this: never squeeze!
Another tip is to go to the dermatologist. It is not because a friend also has acne that you will use the same products as him, taking the same medicine as him.
Each case is different, each one has a skin type and a need, so your friend’s medicine will sometimes not work for you.
See your dermatologist, he will prescribe the best treatment for your acne.
One question of mothers with children around 8, 9 years of age who already show the first signs of acne is whether they need to take them to a dermatologist or if they can do home treatments.
We recommend to bring to the dermatologist, as soon as the first signs of acne appear, to perform the first cares, which consist of using a suitable soap.
Sometimes the shampoo itself that washes your hair already wash your face, for example.
We know that children are too lazy to wash their face, so we give them tips on how to keep their skin clean and healthy, so that sebum does not accumulate on the skin and does not worsen the acne condition.
Acne treatments and medications
There is a guide, an acne treatment algorithm that is universal and in accordance with these acne degrees.
There are topical treatments based on drying, such as adapalene, retinoids, among others.
There are also treatments with local antibiotics and also orally and there is also the famous isotretinoin.
Depending on the degree of acne, the dermatologist will indicate to the patient the necessary combination of all these treatments and this algorithm serves as a guide for the doctor to establish the beginning, the middle and the sequence of the treatment.
There are also technologies that help fight acne, control dilated vessels on the skin’s surface and also reduce the bacteria that causes acne.
It is an anaerobic bacterium, that is, it does not like oxygen. And when light hits the skin it helps to decrease this population of bacteria.
So along with topical treatments and oral treatments, treatments with technology help to improve the condition of acne.
If you have acne and already have marks on your skin it is also a condition that can be treated.
Acne treatment should be as early as possible, it should be as assertive as possible and we should not expect it to go away on its own, because it can go away leaving marks and scars on the skin.
So if you have pimples or have a child or friend around you who has pimples on your skin, see your dermatologist to make the best treatment and as early as possible so as not to leave these marks on your skin. Maintain aesthetics, health and quality of life maintenance .