Living with acne can be difficult, but for many people, the problems continue even after the papules and pustules are gone. Acne can leave marks and scars on the skin and, in cases of severe acne, the scars they leave can also be very serious and cause great concern.
There are several solutions to correct these scars, although naturally the best treatment is prevention; that is to say, that they do not get to form scars. If you suffer from severe acne, we recommend that you consult a dermatologist as soon as possible. This is the specialist who will be able to recommend a treatment to relieve acne, so that the appearance of scars is largely avoided.

Here you can see the symptoms for which you should visit the doctor and what measures the doctor would recommend.

Undoubtedly, the most severe and most visible consequence of acne is scarring, but acne can leave other marks such as pimple marks caused by post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH). You can learn more about how to reduce and eliminate these problems in the section titled ” Acne and Hyperpigmentation .”

What causes acne scars?

Avoid the temptation to touch blackheads, blackheads, and other blemishes with your fingers or any other object. Pressing too hard on these blemishes (especially ones that are not yet fully formed) can damage the fine veins, glands, and surrounding tissues. This can worsen acne symptoms and increase the risk of scarring.

Scars form when the outermost layer of the skin, the epidermis, is damaged and the deepest layers of the skin are also affected. The skin is not able to regenerate itself with the usual efficiency and this wound will be replaced by a granulated tissue that is composed of collagen fibers. These fibers fill the wound from the inside to the outside and facilitate the healing of the damaged skin area. This replacement tissue can heal the wound, but it is also highly visible.

The different types of acne scars

There are several different types of scars. The most closely associated with acne are listed below:

Atrophic Scars
These are sunken or pit scars that are sometimes called “ice pick scars.” They form when the wound does not heal properly and too little bond tissue is produced. The scar then develops below the surrounding tissue and a small, visible mark (dimple) forms.

Hypertrophic
scars Hypertrophic scars can be recognized by an elevation of the skin or scar tissue. Where once there was a swollen blemish, the skin produces a “lower” tissue. It does not have the same structure as healthy tissue, and therefore becomes thicker and appears above the surrounding skin.

Keloids
When a hypertrophic scar continues to grow and spread to other areas of the skin, it is known as a keloid. Keloid scars are raised and appear reddish-purple when they appear, but then this color fades. This type of scar is occasionally caused by acne. It is more frequent to appear with burns.

How do acne scars affect skin health?

An acne scar differs from the skin around you by its appearance and behavior.

Sweat glands and sebaceous glands cannot correct scar tissue and hair cannot grow on them. The scar tissue also has fewer elastic fibers, so it is often harder to look and feel. Circulation and hydration are also compromised in the scar tissue, making it difficult for the scar skin to maintain the levels of hydration it needs, and can dry out.

How can I reduce or eliminate acne scars?

Unfortunately, it is not possible to completely remove scars, but they can be significantly reduced and greatly lower their visibility. Your skin may also improve over the years.