Acne is a disease characterized by inflammation of the pilosebaceous unit (hair follicle in association with the sebaceous gland), being a common problem among adolescents and young adults.
The development of acne is directly related to the increase and change in hormone levels, which can be related to puberty, stress, poor diet, hormonal imbalance (related to adult acne), climate change, wrong texture of cosmetics, among others. With these changes, the sebaceous glands start to produce more sebum, obstructing the hair follicle favoring the growth and multiplication of Propionibacterium acnes that consumes the secretions produced by the sebaceous glands and when they come into contact with the skin pores it leads to inflammation of the hair follicles, resulting in rapid bacterial proliferation, with local inflammation occurring.
Acne causes high swelling, tenderness, pain, itching and redness, which are frequent on the face, neck, back, chest and shoulders. In some cases there may be pus pockets that must be treated to avoid aggravating the inflammation.
Types of Acne
Open comedones or blackheads : It is the accumulation of dead cells, keratin and sebum, inside an enlarged hair follicle (the known open pores). The darkest shade occurs when the air comes in contact with the comedone, oxidizing and contributing to its darkening.
Closed comedones or white carnations : They are formed inside a hair follicle, they are closed and covered with keratin, so they do not come into contact with air avoiding oxidation, keeping it white and soft.
Papules : It is considered a moderate type of acne lesion, usually less than one centimeter in diameter, characterized by changes in color (reddish) and elevated skin texture (swelling) are usually painful. Although the accumulation of sebum and dead cells contribute to the appearance of the inflammatory papule, the bacterium Propionibacterium acne can also play a role in clogging the pores, causing an infection below the skin surface, which can result in post – inflammatory hyperpigmentation spots .
Pustules : Caused by intense inflammation of the skin containing pus, they are fragile and can break with friction or pressure, releasing this purulent material and sometimes blood. It is common for the skin around and below the pustule to be red, due to inflammation. The most common symptom is local pain and itching.
Nodules : A lesion characterized by inflammation that spreads through the skin layers, unlike pustules and papules, the nodules are so deep that they can lead to tissue destruction, causing scarring.
Cyst : It is a benign tumor, with solid, pasty or liquid content, with a diameter greater than 3 cm, with swelling with red or whitish coloration, it is usually painful to touch. It is found in the deepest layer of the skin, developing when the pores are clogged, by a “capsule” that does not burst easily, containing excess keratin, dead cells, sebum and bacteria, causing inflammation and increased chances of local infection . Cyst is the biggest form of acne.
If you have acne-prone skin, the ideal is to use specific products to regulate sebum production and balance the skin’s pH. Thinking about it, Phytotratha developed the Skin Acne Control line ideal to treat and prevent the appearance of acne. Formulated with natural extracts of high performance, with healing, anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, astringent action, reduces and unclogs pores controlling oiliness. Acting in all acne cycles, promoting its improvement.